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Cleaning Powder (Vim Type) Making Plant

  1. Product description: Powder cleaners and detergents are important sanitary chemicals. Powdered cleaners have their major application in every household service stations, institutions and industrial establishments. In household application cleaning powders are used for cleaning cooking utensils, glass wares, and ceramic wares. Etc.


  1. Rationale: The Amhara Region with a population of 19.2 million is the second most populous region in the country. It has more than 25 percent of the country’s population. Considering its population size, one could have expected that the Region has also a considerable share of the industrial production of the country. But at present, the Amhara Region has only 5 percent of the country’s industrial production. This indicates that the Region has a long way to go in industrial development before its share of industrial production matches its population share. Until then the Amhara Region will be a net importer of industrial products from other Regions of the country. To be at least self, sufficient in some basic industrial products, the Amhara Region has to promote the development of industries by providing various incentives for potential investors. The production of cleaning powder is related with the improvement of household hygiene and as a result the health of the population of the Region. In view of this, promoting the establishment of a plant that will produce cleaning powder can be considered as one of the priorities of the agency responsible for industrial development.

  1. Market Potential: Cleaning powder is used by households, hospitals, hotels restaurants, schools, offices and other institutions.  For the time being it is only households in the main urban centers which use cleaning powder. In mid-2006, there were about 384,000 urban households in the Amhara Region. If we assume that at least 20 percent of the urban households cleaning clean in powder, this means that 76,800 households use the product. Suppose the average annual consumption of cleaning powder per household is about 5 kgs. Per year, total annual consumption will be 384000 kgs or 384 tons, Consumption of cleaning powder by other entities such as hospitals, hotels, restaurants, etc could be about 50 percent of household consumption. This translates into 192,000 kgs, or 192 tons of cleaning powder per year. Hence, estimated total demand for cleaning powder will be around 576 tons per year. This will absorb the production of a medium size cleaning powder plant.


  1. Source of Raw materials: Ingredients that make up cleaning powder include basic alkalis (soda ash, caustic soda and sodium bicarbonate), phosphates, silicates, surface active agents and other chemicals, Some of these ingredients such as soda ash, caustic soda, etc. can be obtained from domestic sources. Others will be imported.


  1. Process and Technology: Ingredients are ground and taken according to desired formulations, these ingredients are mixed in a ribbon blender. In this mixer, the helical ribbon moves the ingredients incorporated according to the specified formulation. Thoroughly mixed powder is passed through a 200 mesh screen. The screened powder is then packed as per the requirement of customers.

Plant and machinery needed include grinder with all accessories, ribbon blender with all accessories, screening equipment, polythene bag sealing machine, miscellaneous laboratory equipment and weighing machines.


  1.  Estimated Investment: For a plant which will produce 2 tons of cleaning powder, the estimated investment will be as follows.


§  Building shade 400m2 at Br 2000/ m2  = Birr    800,000

§  Plant and machinery ………………..    =  Birr    700,000

§  Working capital ……………………… = Birr     400,000

Total          = Birr    1,900,000

  1. Benefits: saves foreign exchange and regional financial resources, contributes to self sufficiency, has potential to bring financial resources to the Region, introduces new skills and technology, contributes to the improvement of health and hygiene in the Region.


  1. Location:  Bahr Dar, Debre Birhan, Combolca …..