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Fertilizer


  1. Product Description: Crushed bones of cattle are rich in calcium,  phosphorous, ammonia, nitrogen and citric acid.  Crushed bones can be used as fertilizers and animal feed which are in short supply in our country.

 

  1. Rationale: The Amhara region has 10.1 million heads of cattle.  Taking average cattle mortality of 10 percent, there are almost 1.0 million heads dying every year.  An average adult carcass yields about 27.3 to 36.4 kg of bones along with other by-products of economic importance such as hooves and horns.  This means that about 32 million kgs or 320,000 quintals or 32000 tons of bones are available every year and this quantity will increase as the cattle population increases. Of course, this quantity is scattered throughout the Region, but with effective mechanism, it is possible to collect at least 80-90 percent of this quantity to one or two bone crushing plants (If will be similar to the collection of hides and skins.) The Amhara Region needs fertilizer which does not contaminate its soil, it needs feed for its livestock resources.  But every year it wastes a valuable resource which can be converted to fertilizer and animal feed. 

 

  1. Market Potential: Who can say that there is no market for a fertilizer in the Amhara Region? Of course, products from the crushed bones will have market in the Region as well as in other parts of the country.  After all, annual imports of chemical fertilizer to the country are more than 300,000 tons and the share of the Amhara Region is 60,000 tons.  If there is a market for a chemical and artificial fertilizer, there will definitely be a market for a natural fertilizer.

IMPORT OF FERTILIZER (TONS)

 

Year

Quantity

Value

2000

155,082

229,003,770

2001

182,739    

378,073,522      

2002

319,412      

566,784,396        

2003

121,036      

224,332,629                 

2004

405,605      

1,198,460,522

2005

299,497      

850,198,025      

2006

356,065      

1,074,699,736        

Average

262,777      

645,936,086      

 

Source; External Trade Statistics.

  1. Source of Raw Material: the cattle growing areas of Amhara land.

 

  1. Production Process & Technology: The bones are received either in wet condition directly from slaughter houses, meat packers or in dry conditions from villages through rural market channels.  After classifying the various types of bones removing marrow and separating the skull and the hooves, the bones are crushed in jaw crushers.  The crushed bones fall into vibrating screen and are separated into several mesh sizes.  The different mesh sizes are used for different purpose such as animal feed, fertilizer, glues, etc.  Main machinery and equipment include bone crushers, pulverizer, bone digester, boiler, settling tank, rotary sieve, one impact disintegrator, weighing scale, axes and other tools.

 

  1.  Estimated Investment: Building 1200m2 at Birr 1000/m2= Birr 1,200,000, plant and machinery Birr 600,000; = Totals 1.8 million.

 

  1. Benefits:-  foreign exchange saving, increasing grain production, enhancing the development of the livestock resources of the Region, acquiring new skills and technology, utilizing a resources that could have been wasted.

 

  1. Location: Bahir Dar, Combolcha and Gondar, Debre Markos.

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