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Fish meal

  1. Product Description: Fish meal is used as feed for poultry and cattle.  It is made from inedible fish and edible fish waste.  Feeding fish meal to poultry and cattle enhances the nutritive value of meat and eggs.  Fish meal is also used as fertilizer.  Fish oil which is a by-product of fish meal preparation is used in the manufacture of margarine, lower grade cooking fat and shortening, soap and paints.  It also serves as a substitute to other fats and oils.


  1. Rationale:-  The Amhara Region has the largest water body in the country.  Lake Tana covers an area of about 3700 square kilometer and has the largest fish stock in the country.  In addition, Lake Haik and the major rivers of the Region have a substantial size of fish stock.  Harvesting fish in the Amhara Region is done using traditional and primitive methods.  This is very wasteful and least rewarding to fishermen.  Currently all by- products of fish harvesting are not utilized.  These by-products can be collected and made into fish meal.  Types of fish that are not edible by human beings can also be used to prepare fish-meal.  Admittedly, one cannot expect the production of huge quantities of fish meal from the resources that the Region has.  However, there is a potential to produce this product from the fishery resources in Lake Tana and to some extent in Lake Haik.


  1. Market Potential: The Amhara region has about 31.9 million heads of livestock and poultry.  The proper management and utilization of this resource will generate income to farmers, employment and foreign exchange earnings.  One major constraint to the development of the livestock resources of the Region is the shortage of animal feed which is mainly caused by shortage of grazing land and lack of alternative animal feed production system.  One possible solution to this problem is to produce animal feed from different raw material such as fish waste, inedible fish, animal bones, crop residues, etc.  Production of fish meal could be a source of animal feed at least in areas around Lake Tana where cattle fattening, dairy farms and poultry should be encouraged.  The animal feed requirement in Bahir Dar and Gondar alone could absorb the production of the proposed fish meal plant.


  1. Source of Raw Material: The fishery resources in Lake Tana will be the main source of raw material.


  1. Process & Technology: Fish meal and fish oil production involves basically the process of cutting and crushing of raw inedible fish and edible fish waste, cooking, drying, grinding, cooling and packing.  Main plant and machinery include crusher, cooker, presses, disintegrator, dryer, meal grinder, separator, conveyers, boiler, bagging and weighing machines.


  1. Estimated Investment: Total investment which will include buildings, machinery and working capital will be about Birr 2.5 million.


  1. Benefits: Utilizes resource that is thrown away as waste and that is considered unusable, helps the livestock sector with the provision of feed, and introduces new skills and technology.


  1. Location: Bahir Dar.