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Glucose


1.         Product Description: Glucose is a viscous syrup liquid which is a mixture of dextrose, maltose and other higher oligosaccharide, derived from starch by acid or enzyme hydrolysis and about 20 percent water. A considerable amount of glucose is used for processing in breweries, pharmaceutical, tobacco, tanning, paper and adhesive industries. It has also many applications in canning; food preserving, baking and dairy. Basically, there are at least four types of glucose. These are acid converted glucose syrup, high maltose glucose syrup, high converted glucose syrup and high maltose low dextrose syrup. Each type has distinct characteristics based on the content and proportions of its ingredients.

 

2.         Rationale: As stated above, glucose has many applications, in different industries especially in the pharmaceutical industry. In public health, glucose is considered as a life-saving product since it is given to patients who can not take their diets through the normal process. In this regard, glucose can be considered as one of the most essential pharmaceutical products which should always be available in all health care institutions. But this essential product is not produced in a Region with a population of 19.2 million and which has a number of hospitals and many clinics and health posts. In fact domestic production of glucose does not meet domestic requirement even at the national level. The country is dependent on imports for this critical life-saving product. As population increases, the demand for glucose will increase making the country more dependent. To be self sufficient in the supply of glucose, production of this product at home should be promoted and encouraged.

 

3.         Market Potential: Some studies indicate that for medical purposes alone, the demand for glucose in 2006 is about 22000 tons per year and the share of the Amhara Region is 5720 tons. Meeting this demand can be a viable venture for an investor in the Region. This demand could be augmented by demand from neighboring regions like Bene-gumuz and parts of a neighboring country such as Eastern Sudan.

PRODUCTION OF DIFFERENT ITEMS THAT USES GLUCOSE AS AN INPUT

Name of the Industry

Name of the product that uses glucose as an input

Unit

Quantity Produced

1994 E.C.

1995 E.C.

1996 E.C.

1997 E.C.

1998 E.C.

 Pharmaceuticals

Syrup

‘000 LTR

419

668

684

173

191

Capsule

‘000 PCS

267,948

235,031

173,864

218,206

370,444

Tablets

“000 PCS

310,386

434,632

201,260

347,294

602,887

Ointments

TONS

30

37

38

36

55

Brewery

Beer and Non-alcohol malt drinks

‘000

 HL

1,812

2,123

1,247

1,463

1,561

Confectionery

Sweets

TONS

1,405

992

1,460

1,103

1,838

 

 

4.         Source of Raw material: The main inputs for making glucose are maize starch, activated carbon, soda-ash, HCL acid and water. Almost all these inputs will be imported.

 

5.         Process and Technology: Slurry of starch of about 60% water is prepared and treated with HCL acid in a converter where the reaction takes place at 1500c and maintained for 15 minutes. The treated slurry is then transferred to wooden vats where it is neutralized with soda-ash solution. Then it is filtered and further refined by activated carbon. Then it passes through a vacuum evaporator where it gets the required concentration. After being cooled the product is packed ready for shipping. Main plant and machinery include slurry  preparation tank, converter, glow tank, wooden vat, filter press, refining vessel, vacuum saporator,  pumps, soiler and accessories, water treatment plant and laboratory equipment.

 

6.         Estimated Investment: For a plant which will produce about 300 tons of glucose (mostly for medical uses) per year, the estimated investment will be

·         Buildings…………………= 1,000,000

·         Plant & machinery….……= 2,200,000

·         Working capital………….=    500,000

Total……….=   3,700,000

 

7.         Benefits: Self sufficiency, saving of foreign exchange and regional financial resources, promoting public health, introduction of new skills and technology,

 

8.     Location:     Bahir Dar


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