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Modern Abattoirs

1.      Product of service Description:- Abattoirs are modern facilities where live stocks (cattle, sheep, goats…) are examined (for their health), slaughtered, dressed and packed to be distributed to customers.


2.      Market Potential:- Unlike in our country, in developed countries all livestock to be used for human consumption are slaughtered in abattoirs and then supplied to butcheries where consumers buy meat, mutton, ham, etc. in our country it is only-few large urban centers which have abattoirs, and the abattoirs mostly slaughters cattle and supply them to butcheries. Even in these few urban centers, goats, sheep, chicken are slaughtered in individual homes. The few large urban centers of the Amhara Region do not have modern abattoirs like Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa. These Urban centers especially Bahir Dar, Gondar and Dessie are growing in terms of population and economic activities. With population and economic growth comes modern types of services such as abattoirs. The presence of abattoirs in a given urban center increases the supply of disease-free meat to the consumers. It also contributes to reduction of illegal selling of uncertified meat in a given area. Hence the establishment of small size abattoirs at least in the three major urban centers of the Region is a necessity; and it is very likely that the enterprise will be financially viable.


3.      Source of Raw material:- The cattle to be prepared in the modern abattoirs will come from the localities surrounding each major urban center of the Region.


4.      Process and Technology:- Preparation of cattle in modern abattoirs involves the following operations. Examination of the animals to make sure that the meat is fit for human consumption, killing the animal in a specified place within the abattoir, preparing the body for skinning, separating the various parts of the caracass, cleaning parts of the caracass where necessary, disposing various wastes and dressing the meat for distribution.


5.      Estimated Investment:- For an abattoir that will process about 10,000 cattle per year working about 200 days in a year, the estimated investment will be:-

§  Building 700 m2 at Birr 2000/m2               = Birr 1,400,000

§  Machinery                                              = Birr  2,000,000

§  Working Capital                                     = Birr    500,000

Total                = Birr  3,9000,000



6.      Benefits:- Contributes to the promotion of good public health through the supply of certified meat.


7.      Location:- Bahir Dar, Gondar, Dessie, Combolcha