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Poultry feed

1.         Product Description: Poultry feed is a type of feed especially formulated and prepared for chickens. It is made form oil cakes, molasses, frushka, maize or other cereals, limestone, salt, etc. The feed is to be used by modern and traditional poultry growers.


2.         Rationale:  Despite large flocks of poultry birds found throughout the country, poultry is the least modernized and commercialized agricultural activities. Due to its low level of commercialization, the economic benefit of this sub-sector has been very low both to the farmer and the national economy. Among other factors, the main cause for the low performance of the sub-sector is the lack of proper feed for the birds in rural and urban areas. It is common knowledge that chicken are the most neglected domestic animals in rural Ethiopia which results in low production of eggs and poultry meat. If properly feed and taken care of, chickens are the most productive among domestic animals. Which type of domestic animal gives birth/hatches 15-20 children/chickens in one production cycle? It is none other than the female poultry bird. With this multiplying capacity, the bird could have benefited its owner if provided with enough feed and proper husbandry. For the poultry sub-sector to contribute more income to owners and to the economy, feed must be produced and distributed to urban and rural areas.


3.         Market Potential: According to the results of the “Ethiopian Agricultural Sample Enumeration” of 2000/02, the poultry population of the country was about 43 million of which 11.1 million were egg-laying hens. The share of the Amhara Region was 13 million and 3.3 million respectively. The Poultry Development Enterprise supplies 115 gm. of feed for each of its birds for each day. Annual feed requirement for each bird is, therefore, 42kgs. If properly fed, the food requirement of all the poultry birds of the country 1.81 million tons per year. (This assumes that all types of birds will consume the same quantity of food). Estimated annual feed consumption of poultry in the Amhara Region is about 0.54 million tons. Of the total poultry population about 1.99 million (4.6%) are in urban areas. The feed requirement of the urban poultry population is 84000 tons = (1.99 mill. x 42k.g).  If we assume that at least 70 percent of poultry if we assume that at least 70 percent of poultry birds in urban areas are provided with proper feed, annual requirement will be 58800 tons. Producing this feed requirement will make many small poultry feed making plants financially viable.



Year E.C

Demand for Poultry Feed in ANRS      (In Tons)























4.         Raw material source: except vitamins, all the raw materials can be obtained from domestic sources.


5.         Process and Technology: The major operations for poultry feed production are preparations of raw material, Primary crushing, assorting and measuring, mixing, fine crushing, pellet making and packing. Raw and auxiliary materials are first changed into silos and tanks where they are made ready for further processing. They are then processed by primary crusher. Crushed materials are separated by means of sifts, and then stored to assorting tanks according to the kind of raw materials.  The raw materials are then mixed by means of a mixer. In this process, fatty ingredients are added to the materials in order to raise the nutrient value of the feed. The feed obtained from the mix is mixed with molasses. After this, the material is further crushed by means of the second chamber. (some times second crushing could be unnecessary.) The final product is next accommodated in the product tanks, and then weighed and packed. Main machinery and equipment need for the plant include tanks and silos for raw and auxiliary materials, metal screen and shaker, mixer, hammer mill (crusher), bladder, weighing scale bagging equipment, dust collector, product tank, tanks for oil cakes and molasses, boiler and other accessories.


6.         Estimated Investment: For a small plant which can produce about 1250 tons of poultry feed per year, the following will be the estimated investment.


·         Buildings/shade 600m2 at Birr 2000/m2 …….    = Birr   1,200,000

·         Plant and machinery …………………………   = Birr   1,100,000

·         Working capital ……………………………..    = Birr     100,000

                   Total……….   =  Birr  2,400,000


7.         Benefits:  Contributes to the development of the poultry industry improves the income of poultry farmers, contributes to the food situations of the Region, introduces new skills and technology…


8.         Location:  Bahir Dar, Combolcha and all other zone capitals