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Tin Containers


1.         Product Description:  Packaging is the most essential part in the distribution of goods from the producers to the consumers.  Tin containers have been one of the most important media in packaging.  Various products like oils, processed fruits, various milk products, biscuits, talcum powder, etc, are packed in tin containers.  These are some basic advantages of using tin containers.  These are:- saving space by putting the cans on top of the other, can be reused, have better guarantee against seepage, can withstand high temperature unlike plastic containers.


2.         Rationale:  There is only one factory i.e. Ethiopian Crown Cork which produce tin can containers.  Some tin cans (container) using factories have small tin can making units attached to the main factory.  Apart from this, there are no factories that produce tin can for the various industries which use tin cans for packing their products.  Such factories include the paints factories, the fruits and vegetable processing and canning plants, fish and meat canning factories, and other assorted industries.  As industry develops in the country, more tin can using factories will be built.  This will require additional tin cans for packing purposes.  This implies that more tin can producing plants should be established in the country.  In the Amhara Region, there are two meat and fishing canning factories.  Other tin can using factories are to be established in the Region in the near feature.  For the existing industries as well as for those to be established, there will be increasing demand for tin cans.  And there will be a need to establish a tin can container producing plant in the Region.


3.         Market Potential:  The tin can requirements of the food processing industries are met by imports, while domestic factories supply tin cans to the paints and varnish factories.  Between 1987 and 1988, average annual production of tin cans was 1.8 million pieces.  No additional capacity has been created since then while the demand for tin can is increasing.  During the last ten years, more capacity has been created in the production of paints and varnishes; this in turn creates additional demand for tin cans.  All in all the demand for tin cans of the food and paints factories in the Amhara Region may justify the establishment of a tin can making plant in the Region.  The plant can also export its products to other parts of the country.


4.         Source of Raw Materials:  To be imported.


5.         Process and Technology:  Tin containers are made from tin coated sheets.  The manufacturing of tin containers needs only limited operation.  The sequence of operation is (a) cutting of sheets, folding and rolling, (b) seaming and flanging and (c) screen printing.  Main machinery include testing tank, wire cutting machine, auto lock 2m folding and side seaming work, inclinable power press 10 tons capacity, hand operated wire forming machine, soldering equipments, paneling press for embossing, side folding and flanging, air compressor, paneling press for body banks cutting and corner cutting and fully automatic tin seaming machine.


6.         Estimated Investment: For a plant which will produce 900,000 rectangular tin containers (5 liter capacity each) and 2,400,000 round tin containers (1 liter capacity each) per year, the estimated investment will be:

§        Buildings/Shade 400m2 at Birr 2000/m2   = Birr        800,000

§        Plant and Machinery                           = Birr 2,300,000

§        Working Capital                                             = Birr 1,400,000



7.         Benefits:  Supports the food processing and canning and other similar industries, promotes self-sufficiency, saves foreign exchange and regional financial resources, and introduces new skills and technology.


8.         Location:  Combolcha or Bahir Dar.