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Various Hand Tools

 

1. Product Description:  Hand tools are widely used by craftsman in industries of all types.  These tools are hammer, spanners, screw drivers, hacksaw, file, pliers, wire cutters pincers, etc.  Hammers, spanners and screw drivers are relatively more common hand tools.  As their name imply, these tools are manually operated.  This project ideas is about producing screw drivers, hammers and spanners.  Spanners are gripping and adjusting type of hand tools.  Spanners or wrenches of various designs are used for bolt-fastening (tightening and loosening) operations.  Screw drivers are used to drive the slitted head of screws.  They are used for tightening and loosening screws.  Hammers are used for hammering, stamping or pressing operations.

 

2. Rationale: Practically all hand tools used in the country are imported.  Some types of winches were started to be produced in the Spare Parts Factory at Akake.  However, they do not seem to penetrate the market.  There must come a time when our country produces most of if not, all the hand tools we use.  If the Amhara Region takes the first initiative to establish a factory that will produce these three important hand tools, it will have an advantage over other regions, in the development of the whole hand tools industry.

 

3.  Market Potential:  Thousands of each hand tool is imported into the country every year.  As the economy expands demand for these tools will increase.  Even the present levels of imports justify the domestic production of these tools.

 

Imports of Hand Tools

 

 

Year

Hammers

Pliers & the likes

Spanners & the likes

Quantity

CIF Value

Quantity

CIF Value

Quantity

CIF Value

1990

113,454

999,153

-

-

22,550

870,631

1991

104,146

1,183,739

14,984

340,820

500,286

2,610,484

1992

133,522

2,051,028

575,724

711,978

797,669

2,846,359

1993

0

0

0

0

0

0

1994

149,235

1,662,158

48,914

545,535

83,948

3,003,604

1995

238,301

2,639,495

29,568

541,764

85,242

5,058,436

1996

257,173

216,461

57,085

1,915,503

128,018

4,649,288

1997

214,937

1,770,852

254,013

1,834,652

142,781

3,642,458

1998

315,604

6,101,574

62,755

1,992,851

142,850

5,599,941

1999

635,170

9,132,183

95,550

5,573,146

259,234

14,534,279

2000

357,836

6,816,567

77,126

2,950,598

166,916

7,154,952

Total

251,9378

3,257,3210

1,215,719

16,406,847

232,9494

4,997,0432

Average

251,938

3,257,321

135,080

1,822,983

232,949

4,997,043

          Source: - External Trade Statistics of Customs Authority, 1999-2000


4. Source of Raw Material:-  The “raw material” for these tools will be different types of steel; and this will be imported.

 

5. Production Process & Technology: The productions of the three hand tools have different production processes. 

 

a)       Screw driver- drawn wire of mild steel of smooth surface finish is cut into required lengths.  One end of the blank (the cut steel) is notched, serrated or grooved to provide stability and for the plastic handles.  The other end is made slant by flattening and gradually tapering to the end, till the edge thickness of the flant becomes that of the standard slit to which the screw driver is used in standard practices.  The flattening and tongue shaping are carried with a suitable press.  Plant and machinery include power hacksaw, grinder, electroplating and finishing equipment.

 

b)      Hammers-  production process include cutting of steel bars – which are called stocks, heating the stocks in a forging furnace, forging, hole punching for handle, peening, machining, heat treatment, grinding, testing, antirust coating, wooden handle assembly.  Main machinery and equipment include drop forging  hammer, power press, furnace, surface grinder, polishing machine, tanks and accessories.

 

c)      Spanners- Process includes cutting of steel blanks, heating up to forging temperatures, forging of steel, trimming and mechanical finishing, grinding, hardening and tempering, finishing and electroplating.  Main machinery and equipment include blanking process, hot gorging press, trimming press, grinder, embossing machine, tanks, and accessories

 

6.  Estimated Investment:

Buildings: 2000m2 at Birr 1000/m2                   2,000,000

Plant and Machinery Birr                                  3,318.000

Total               5,318,000

                                 

7. Benefits:  Saving of foreign exchange for the country, new skills and technology to the Region.

 

8.  Location: Combolcha or Debre Berhan.

 


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