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Wick Stoves


1. Product Description:  Wick stove is a small stove made of low quality steel sheets and which uses kerosene for burning or producing heat energy.  The stove is used for cooking and heating. 


2. Rationale: Over 95 percent of households in the Amhara Region use fuel wood and charcoal for cooking their food and for heating their homes.  This has contributed greatly to the destruction of forests and vegetation in the region. The use of frees for fuel (in the form of charcoal and fuel wood) is using renewable sources of energy; and this is preferred to the use non- renewable sources of energy.  But in the case of the Amhara Region, trees cut for fuel are not replaced by planting other trees. 

      Thus what is naturally renewable has become non-renewable due to neglect.  In this situation, to save the remaining forest resources of the Region, and not to further aggravate the soil erosion problem of the Region, the use of kerosene through wick stove is one option for generating fuel for cooking and heating.  The relative advantage of using kerosene instead of fuel wood and charcoal will depend on the relative pries of the two sources of energy.  Up to now, kerosene is cheaper than fuel wood for the unit of energy each provides.  Hence there is rationale for producing wick store in the Region.


3. Market Potential- Practically all wick stoves are imported.  The main sources of the products are china and India.  During the Last five years average annual imports of wick stoves was about 10,000 units; and import was growing at an average rate of 18 percent per year.  Of this average annual import, about units are assumed to have been distributed in the Amhara Region.


4. Raw Material: The metal sheets are to be imported and fabrication is to be made here.


5. Production Process: the process involves the fabrication of individual parts and assembling them into a composite unit which consists basically of three parts- the bottom, container of the kerosene and the middle part which is the base for seating the cooking vessel.


6. Estimated Investment:  about Birr 450,000


7. Location: Since practically all components are to be imported, the location should be in Combolcha.


8. Benefits: To the Regions Economy. Reduce deforestation and soil erosion create employment